I’m doing an internal audit of our Form I-9’s and running into some problems. Some forms are incomplete, I don’t have a Form I-9 for all employee’s, and I think that a document provided for one of them is fake. What should I do when I find Form I-9 mistakes?
There aren’t always easy answers for how to handle situations that arise during internal I-9 audits. There’s a lot of information to be captured and there are portions on the I-9 forms that are easily missed. However, conducting regular audits of your I-9 forms and correcting them appropriately can significantly reduce financial and legal risks and keep you in compliance. Here are a few recommendations to help you through an I-9 audit and the correction process when you discover Form I-9 mistakes:
As you review your Form I-9s, it’s important to know what a fully completed form looks like:
- The information on the form is clear, legibly and easy to read.
- The Employee section (section 1) is completely filled out either prior to the start date (but after an offer of employment has been made), or on the first day of employment. Ensure that employee has dated and signed section 1.
- Employer section (section 2) will be filled out within 3 days of the employee starting.
- Documents are listed in appropriate sections (Either A only or B and C).
- Date of hire is completed in the Certification section at the bottom of the form and matches the date in the payroll records.
- Signature, date and address of company has been completed.
- Highlighting marks, hole punches and staples do not interfere with an authorized official’s ability to read the information on the form.
- Copies of the documentation retained with Form I-9 are legible, if copies of documentation are made.
- Abbreviations used are widely understood. Do not use an abbreviation that is not widely known.
- All applicable sections of the form are completed.
- The current version of the Form I-9 is used. To determine whether you are using the correct version of Form I-9, look at the revision date printed on the bottom left corner of the form, and not the expiration date printed at the top of the form. Currently, only the forms showing the following revision date are valid: Rev. 07/17/2017 N*.
You can access the current version of the form at: https://www.uscis.gov/i-9
- The English version of the form should be completed, unless the form is being completed in Puerto Rico. The Spanish version is approved for use only in Puerto Rico.
If you come across Form I-9 mistakes, the USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) has the following recommendations in making corrections:
Employers may only correct mistakes made in Section 2 or Section 3 of Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification. If you discover a mistake in the Employee section (section 1), you should ask your employee to make the correction.
To correct the Form I-9:
- Draw a line through the incorrect information.
- Enter the correct information.
- Initial and date of the correction.
To correct multiple recording errors on the form, you may redo the section on a new Form I-9 and attach it to the old form. A new Form I-9 can also be completed if major errors (such as entire sections being left blank or Section 2 being completed based on unacceptable documents) need to be corrected. A note should be included in the file regarding the reason you made changes to an existing Form I-9 or completed a new Form I-9.
If you discover a document that clearly looks fraudulent, or like it does not identify the correct individual, you should talk with the employee about it and ask them to provide alternate documentation from the list of acceptable documents.
On the other hand, if you only find a copy of a document that is hard to read, unclear, or confusing to you, no action may be required. The US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) guidance related to internal I-9 audits specifically states that an employer “should recognize that it may not be able to definitively determine the genuineness of Form I-9 documentation based on photocopies of the documentation. An employer should not request documentation from an employee solely because photocopies of documents are unclear.”
Rest assured – there are a number of resources available to help you with completing the Form I-9 correctly and conducting internal audits to make sure there are no Form I-9 mistakes. The U.S. Immigration Customs and Enforcement and the Immigrant and Employee Rights Section (IER) have provided joint guidance to help employers perform internal audits. Learn more about Guidance for Employers Conducting Internal Employment Eligibility Verification Form I-9 Audits.
The USCIS also has an “I-9 Central” section of their website. You can find in-depth information on how to complete the form, make corrections, review descriptions of acceptable documents, and much more. Visit them at https://www.uscis.gov/i-9-central.
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